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Saturday, September 26


DOS (an acronym for Disk Operation System) is a tool which allows you to control the operation of the IBM PC. DOS is software which was written to control hardware. IDRISI, Atlas*GIS, Microstation, AutoCAD, CPS/PC, and ARC/INFO are, in turn, application software which run under DOS. By this we mean that, although IDRISI, Atlas*GIS, Microstation, AutoCAD, CPS/PC, and ARC/INFO were written to accomplish a single task or application (in this case manipulation of spatially related data), they must use DOS to pursue its work.
DOS can be used for a wide range of tasks far beyond the requirements of this class. You will be able to manage well if you master only a small subset of DOS commands and functions. These relate almost exclusively to file and directory management and are introduced in this handout.
This tip sheet assumes that you have learned how to turn on the PCs as they are configured in room 230 and that you have familiarized yourself with their keyboards (no small task in itself). It also assumes that you understand the meaning of the concept of a file and the elements of a file specification (drive, filename, and extension). The microcomputers you will be using are equipped with two floppy disk drives. The A-drive is the 3.5" (1.44MB) drive and the B-drive is the 5.25" (360KB) drive. The microcomputers also contain a C-drive, a hard disk drive of 130MB or 200MB capacity.
You will quickly find that the best way to learn how to use a computer is through experimentation. That is, once you have learned a command, try some variations until they don't work, then start over. Often there are five or six ways for you to accomplish a particular task. Usually, I will introduce you to only one, leaving it up to you to discover the rest. Don't hesitate to consult the DOS Reference Manual; copies can be found on the bookcase in room 230. Finally, don't be unduly disturbed by error messages. With computers, one of the best ways to learn is by making mistakes.
Most of the common DOS commands you need to use for this class (copy, rename, delete) are available to you in Windows through the Filemanager icon. And, since you can move back and forth between DOS and Windows, it doesn't matter which option you employ. Some commands are faster in invoke in Windows, some in DOS. If you haven't worked with Windows previously, go to the Windows tutorials in the help area.

A lot of times, I hear people asking questions like, how to find out the IP of a friend? Or how to find out your own IP? How do I know, which ports are open on my system? How do I make sure whether my system is infected with a Trojan or not?

Well, for all above questions (and more) there is one simple answer: The Netstat command.

Microsoft has this weird tendency of hiding or making sure that such useful utilities are not easily accessible to the users. However, they fail to understand that putting a utility in the Windows directory and not listing it anywhere does not make it hidden.

The Netstat command is accessible through the command line prompt. Simply launch MSDOS and:

C:\cd windows

NOTE: Normally, well, almost always, DOS opens by default in the Windows directory, however, for those of you whose default DOS directory is not Windows, the above would prove helpful.

Anyway, before we move on, we need to understand what exactly the Netstat command is used for.This command is by default used to get information on the open connections on your system (ports, protocols being used etc), incoming and outgoing data and also the ports of remote systems to which we are connected. Netstat gets all this networking information by reading the kernel routing tables in the memory.

According to the RFC on Internet Tool Catalog, Netstat is defined as:

Netstat is a program that accesses network related data structures within the kernel, then provides an ASCII format at the terminal. Netstat can provide reports on the routing table, TCP connections, TCP and UDP "listens", and protocol memory management.

Anyway, now that we know what Netstat is all about, we are in a position to start using it. Once, you have launched MSDOS, you can read the MSDOS help on Netstat by giving the following command:

C:\WINDOWS>netstat /?

Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP network connections.

NETSTAT [-a] [-e] [-n] [-s] [-p proto] [-r] [interval]

Ping is an extremely popular diagnosis tool, which is commonly used to determine whether a remote host is alive, or not. This manual explores this popular TCP/IP diagnosis utility in detail.

The word ‘ping’ is actually taken from a scientific operation carried out to locate objects using sonar. That is exactly what ‘ping’ does in networks, finding or determining whether a particular host is alive or not.

Whenever one cannot make a connection to a particular port of a remote system, then ‘ping’ is the starting point to determine whether the remote system that is being tried to open a connection with is connected to the Internet or not, or in other words whether it is alive or not. Similarly, when you use ‘ping’ and determine that a remote system is not alive, then it would mean that you cannot make a connection to it.
So, basically ‘ping’ is used to determine whether a remote host is alive or not or whether it is connected to the Internet or not.

Although the implications of the results of ‘ping’ can best be described as the above, they do not always hold true. Nowadays, with the increased usage of firewalls, router access lists and other access controls, it doesn’t always mean that if you cannot ‘ping’ a particular host, then you cannot telnet to a particular port on it.

What ping does is that it sends an ICMP ‘echo request’ message to a host, expecting an ICMP ‘echo reply’ to be returned. An ICMP ‘echo request’ message would have a type value of 8 and a code value of 0. On the other hand, an ICMP ‘echo reply’ message would have a type value of 0 and a code value of 0. 

Wherever a host receives an ICMP echo request message, then its kernel knows that it has to reply to this request message with an ICMP echo reply message. So in other words we can also call an echo message a ‘ping request’ message and an echo reply message as the ‘Ping reply’ message.

CPing is a freeware MFC class to implement ping functionality. You can download the header files, the Documentation and help files from here: Click Here To Download

Other than above, Important DOS commands are as below :

Aansi.sys | append | arp | assign | assoc | at | atmadm | attrib
Bbatch | backup | bootcfg | break
Ccacls | call | cd | chcp | chdir | chdsk | chkntfs | choice | cipher | cls | cmd | color | command | comp | compact | control | convert | copy | ctty
Ddate | debug | defrag | del | delete | deltree | dir| disable | diskcomp | diskcopy | diskpart | doskey | dosshell | driveparm
Eecho | edit | edlin | emm386 | enable | endlocal | erase | exit | expand | extract
Ffasthelp | fc | fdisk | find | findstr | fixboot | fixmbr | for| format | ftp | ftype
Ggoto | gpupdate | graftabl
Hhelp | hostname
Iif | ifhlp.sys | ipconfig
Llabel | lh | listsvc | loadfix | loadhigh | lock | logoff | logon
Mmap | md | mem| mkdir | mode | more | move | msav | msbackup | msd | mscdex | mwbackup
Nnbtstat | net | netsh | netstat | nlsfunc | nslookup
Ppath | pathping | pause | ping | popd | power | print | prompt | pushd
Rrd | reg | ren | rename | rmdir | route | runas
Sscandisk | scanreg | set | setlocal | setver | sfc | share | shift | shutdown | smartdrv | sort | start | subst | switches | sys | systeminfo | systemroot
Ttaskkill | telnet | time | title | tracert | tree | type
Uundelete | unformat | unlock
Vver | verify | vol
Please let me know your views for above tutorial :

Sunday, September 6

Serious On line Game : Chess


Today i am taking a topic which is like a flu among online gamers, especially who play CHESS online. there are many websites  where we can play chess online. Believe me or not, people spend lot of real as well virtual money on these BET games.

Here is tool for win the online CHESS Game, which is seriously meant for professional games :

Deep Rybka 3: The World's Strongest Chess Engine
Deep Rybka 3 UCI is the world champion of chess engines with a rating 3150 points ELO. The main developer of the program - international master Vasik Rajlich ( Hungary ) has inserted the algorithms of positional estimation into it which are as close to the chess-player's style of thinking as possible.

Rybka 3 engine can be used in Fritz and other chess programs.
Aquarium is a graphical chess interface, which offers advanced analysis functions, game commenting, searching, powerful chess trees, playing, databases and much more

Analysis methods
  • IDEA - Interactive Deep Analysis
  • Infinite Analysis
  • Game Analysis
  • Find Blunders
Openings books and trees
  • Opening tree of 30,000,000 positions included
  • Reads and converts Chessbase/Fritz (CTG format) and Chess Assistant (HSH) opening books.
  • Various annotation methods
  • 4,000,000 games included.
  • Very fast searches.
  • Reads and converts Chessbase/Fritz Megabase (CBH format), Chess Assistant Hugebase (CDP), PGN and EPD databases.
Chess Engines
  • Includes Deep Rybka 3 - 2008 World Computer Chess champion.
  • Engines included, can be used in other chess programs, like Chessbase and Fritz.
  • Easily connect and use other UCI and Winboard engines, like Shredder, Junior, Naum, Zappa, HIARCS, etc.

  • Various engine tournaments and matches capabilities.
Play against computer or other people
  • Three handicap modes.
  • Chess960/Fischerandom games.
  • Blindfold and semi-blindfold games.
  • Free online play at the ChessOK Playing Zone.
 Demo Download :
must visit site :
RYBKA 3 ( for the serious chess players)

Friday, September 4

Wireless networking tools : Freeware

WiPeer 0.72


WiPeer enables sharing files directly among computers, playing multi-player games, chatting, and collaboration over both Wi-Fi and home/office networks. The new Peersonalizer feature of WiPeer allows you to discover whenever your facebook friends, or the friends of your friends, are nearby.

Who needs WiPeer ?

- You are visiting your friends and would like to transfer photos of a shared trip from your laptop to theirs. Wouldn't it be great if you could share your files with them directly from one computer to the other?
- You are sitting in a boring lecture. You and your friends all have laptops, but your university has not installed an access point in the lecture room. Wouldn't it be great if you could play a game of Chess or Reversi against them, or even gossip with them about yesterday's football match?
- You are stuck in an airplane for a long flight and you are looking for something to do. If you could only play a game of Chinese checkers with other passengers...
- You have a home network, or even a small office network, and you'd like to share files among your computers without having to set up a dedicated server. There has to be a simple way of doing this.
- You are new in campus and want to make friends quickly. If you have a facebook account, the Peersonalizer feature of WiPeer can help you with that.

NEW: WiPeer is now also available in Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian and Italian!


  • The fastest file-sharing solution between two computers
  • Close-by friends locator allowing you to spot your nearby buddies
  • 4 Multi-player games to play with your friends or classmates 

2hotspot Beta 4

 Download : - 3.01MB (Freeware)
2hotspot is a powerful software and service that enables the instant creation wireless hotspots using your wireless router or wifi card. With this free software you can run your own free or commercial wireless hotspot network; Create local wireless communities where bulletin board, chat, and forums available locally with or without Internet service; Share your broadband service, split your ISP bill, and control shared bandwidth.

Version : Beta 4  
Title : 2hotspot Beta 4
Filename : 2hotspot controller beta4 setup.EXE
File size : 3.01MB
Requirements : Windows 2000/XP/2003/Vista/Windows 7
License : Freeware

Author :

WirelessNetView 1.25

 Download: Nir Sofer - 0.04MB (Freeware )

WirelessNetView is a small utility that runs in the background, and monitor the activity of wireless networks around you.

For each detected network, WirelessNetView will display the following information: Last Signal Quality, Average Signal Quality, Authentication Algorithm, SSID, Detection Counter, Cipher Algorithm and much more.

In order to start using WirelessNetView, simply run the executable file. After running it, the main window displays the list of all wireless networks detected on your area. The list is automatically updated every 10 seconds, so you can see the changes in networks signal. Also, if new wireless networks are detected, they'll be added to the list.

  • Wireless network adapter.
  • Windows 7 / Vista or Windows XP/SP2 with KB918997 update installed. 

looking forward your comments !!!

Thursday, September 3

Few Tweaks for Windows & IE !!!!

Fix Broken and Slow Tab Issues in Internet Explorer 8
Some users that upgraded to Internet Explorer 8 experience issues with tabs not working properly or taking a very long time to load.  It seems for most users the issue can be attributed to a problem with actxprxy.dll not installing properly during the upgrade.  If you have a similar problem with IE8, fixing the issue is as simple as a running one command.
Just open up an administrative level command prompt and type in regsvr32 actxprxy.dll and hit Enter. Reboot your computer and your tab issue should be resolved.
Fed up of IE in windows, Want to remove it. Here you go!
For the first time since 1997 it is possible to uninstall Internet Explorer from Windows. Now full time Firefox, Chrome and Opera users can remove Internet Explorer for good. Best of all, removing IE will not break any of the thousands of applications that depend on the Internet Explorer rendering engine. Over the years many applications including AOL Instant Messenger, MSN Messenger, Windows Media Player, Google Talk, LimeWire, MS Office and more use components of the IE rendering engine. When Internet Explorer is removed the shared rendering engine components will remain to make sure the thousands of applications that depend on the IE rendering engine continue to run.
While the rendering engine will remain for compatibility reasons the IE executables, shortcuts and settings will be removed. To uninstall IE on your computer, follow these steps:
Click on the Start Button and type in Turn Windows features on or off and hit Enter.
Then, scroll through the list and remove the check from Internet Explorer 8.
Click OK and IE will be removed.
Pin Recycle Bin on the Task bar
The new taskbar in Windows 7 does not allow you to pin anything directly on the taskbar by default. If you tried to pin Recycle Bin already you would have noticed that it is pinned under the Windows Explorer program instead of a separate icon. In order to pin it directly on the taskbar you have to know a few tricks. In the end, your will have a dedicated Recycle Bin shortcut pinned directly on the taskbar as shown below.
The secret is creating a special shortcut that you can pin to the taskbar that points to the recycle bin:
  1. Right click anywhere on your desktop and select New and then shortcut.
  2. In the location of the item box type in:

    %SystemRoot%\explorer.exe shell:RecycleBinFolder
  3. Click Next.
  4. For the name type in Recycle Bin.
  5. Then click Finish. 
  6. Now your shortcut will be created but it will not have the right icon. Right click on the shortcut, select Properties.  Then, click Change Icon as shown below.

  7. Change the icon file to:


    Hit Enter and select the Recycle Bin Icon and click OK.

  8. Finally, drag the new shortcut onto the taskbar and it will be pinned directly.  Once the shortcut is pinned, you can delete the original on the desktop.
Unlock Hidden Windows 7 Themes

There are a number of regional themes with multiple unique background images hidden from Windows 7 users.  On a Windows 7 install with United States regional settings only the United States theme is shown but there are actually four more themes hidden from view.  Below are all the regional themes included in Windows 7:
Accessing all the themes is easy to do once you know where to find them.  The trick is to navigate to the C:\Windows\Globalization\MCT directory.  The MCT directory within the Globalization directory is super hidden so it will not display even if show hidden files and folders is enabled.  Just click on the address bar of any folder and manually type in or copy and paste in C:\Windows\Globalization\MCT and hit Enter.
Once you have reached the MCT folder you will see five directories as listed below:
  • MCT-AU
  • MCT-CA
  • MCT-GB
  • MCT-US
  • MCT-ZA
To view and use the theme for each region just navigate into each MCT-Region directory, enter the Theme sub-directory and double click the theme file.

Kill Processes from Command Prompt ( interesting one )

I'm sure you are familiar with the traditional way to kill or end a process in Windows using Task Manager.  This method is effective but not nearly as fun as killing a process in Command Prompt.  Additionally, killing processes in Command Prompt provides much more control and the ability to end multiple processes at once.
All of this is possible with the TaskKill command. First, let's cover the basics.  You can kill a process by the process ID (PID) or by image name (EXE filename).
Open up an Administrative level Command Prompt and run tasklist to see all of the running processes:

Image Name                     PID Session Name        Mem Usage
========================= ======== ================ ============
firefox.exe                  26356 Console             139,352 K
regedit.exe                  24244 Console               9,768 K
cmd.exe                      18664 Console               2,380 K
conhost.exe                   2528 Console               7,852 K
notepad.exe                  17364 Console               7,892 K
notepad.exe                  24696 Console              22,028 K
notepad.exe                  25304 Console               5,852 K
explorer.exe                  2864 Console              72,232 K
In the example above you can see the image name and the PID for each process. If you want to kill the firefox process run:
C:\>Taskkill /IM firefox.exe /F
C:\>Taskkill /PID 26356 /F
The /f flag is kills the process forcefully.  Failure to use the /F flag will result in nothing happening in some cases.  One example is whenever I want to kill the explorer.exe process I have to use the /F flag or else the process just does not terminate.
If you have multiple instances of an image open such as multiple firefox.exe processes, running the taskkill /IM firefox.exe command will kill all instances. When you specify the PID only the specific instane of firefox will be terminated.
The real power of taskkill are the filtering options that allow you to use the following variables and operators.
  • PID
  • eq (equals)
  • ne (not equal)
  • gt (greater than)
  • lt (less than)
  • ge (greater than or equal)
  • le (less than or equal)
"*" is the wildcard.
You can use the variables and operators with the /FI filtering flag.  For example, let's say you want to end all processes that have a window title that starts with "Internet":
C:\>taskkill /FI "WINDOWTITLE eq Internet*" /F
How about killing all processes running under the Steve account:
C:\>taskkill /FI "USERNAME eq Steve" /F
It is also possible to kill a process running on a remote computer with taskkill.  Just run the following to kill notepad.exe on a remote computer called SteveDesktop:
C:\>taskkill /S SteveDesktop /U RemoteAccountName /P RemoteAccountPassword /IM notepad.exe /F
To learn more about taskkill run it with the /? command just like any other Windows command. 

Tutorial : Windows 7 ( Must read)

Use Windows 7's Troubleshooting Tool
There's actually a tool, in Control Panel, called Troubleshooting. Open it up and you'll see various options like configuring devices, connecting to a network and checking to make sure your sound card works correctly. We won't go through each individual options here, but it's a very good place to start when you've hit a problem, before you turn to Googling.
Make Older Programs Work With Windows 7
This doesn't work 100%, but if you type "Program Compatibility" into the search bar in the Start menu, you'll find a compatibility wizard that helps make older apps work with Windows 7. (Sometimes, you can get to it by right-clicking an application that is having trouble launching.) Once you find your app—which may take a little bit of disk browsing if it's not displaying under the list—you'll choose one of potential issues and which version of Windows it previously worked for. In at least one case, we found that running through this made a non-starting app start up under Win 7, so it's good to know about.
Use Windows 7 Problem Steps Recorder to document your problems
And if you're having any sort of problems with Windows 7 you need a tech-savvy friend or family member to walk you through, try the problem steps recorder. It's an app built into Windows 7 that, when activated, records the button presses and mouse clicks you make in order to generate an HTML-based report of the steps you took to cause a problem. Sending this to your friend who also has Windows 7 will let him diagnose where you've screwed up, so you can STOP DOING THAT.
Diagnose performance issues with the Windows Experience Index
If you feel Windows 7 is running slower than it should, take a look at the Windows Experience Index. With those scores you can tell whether it's your RAM that's making your machine chunk, or your graphics card, or your slow hard drive. Then, replace each part as necessary.
Fix the Installer Bug
If you've been running Windows 7 for a few days and found that you're suddenly unable to install programs, here's how to fix it. It's an MSI installer issue, and all you have to do is open up a command prompt in Administrator mode and type:
reg delete HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\SQMClient\Windows\DisabledSessions /va /f and press enter.
Fix User Account Control-Gadget Conflict
UAC may be decent enough in warning and protecting you of intrusions, but it can also get in the way. One bug in the beta actually turns off your desktop Gadgets if you disable UAC. Here's how you re-enable it.
1. Open the Registry Editor, or regedit.exe. You can search for regedit in the Start Menu.
2. Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Sidebar\Settings
3. Right-click and create a new DWORD (32-Bit) Value called AllowElevatedProcess.
4. Right-click AllowElevatedProcess and click Modify. Set the value to 1. Close the registry editor. Your gadgets should work with UAC off now.
Install Antivirus Software
Although Windows 7 is at least as secure as Vista, you're still going to want to install antivirus software on it. The easiest Win 7-compatible one we like is AVG, which runs just fine, protects decently enough and is free.
Turn Off Sleep Mode
It doesn't look like sleep mode has been optimized for all the millions of types of hardware configurations out there now—it is a beta after all. We'd suggest turning it off entirely instead of trying to find out whether or not your machine supports sleep/hibernate 100%. If you don't, you'll have to wake your machine up the hard way.
Tweak settings before they get in the way
SetteMaxer is a utility that's able to to tweak a few settings not easily accessible to the normal user, like disabling auto-reboot on a crash, disabling Windows Defender or disabling UAC. If you don't know what you're doing, you shouldn't tinker.
Unfixable: User Account Control Security Hole
Unlike in Vista, there's no warning message when the User Account Control is changed. Someone made a proof-of-concept that exploits this into switching your UAC off and taking control of your machine. There's no workaround for this one unless you raise UAC to MAXIMUM (which is annoying), so be careful.

1. Open the Control Panel (All Items View).

2. Click on the Troubleshooting icon.

3. If this is the first time you open Troubleshooting, then you may need to click on Yes to keep the content updated. (See screenshot below)
NOTE: If you do not see this screen, then you already have the settings set to include Windows Online Troubleshooting Service.
A) Click on a category link to start the troubleshooting wizard for that category. (See screenshot above)
4. For the View All View -
NOTE: This will list every troubleshooting guide with a detailed description of each one.
A) Click on the View all link at the upper right corner in the left blue pane. (See screenshot below)
B) Double click on a category name to start the troubleshooting wizard for that category. (See screenshot above)
5. When done, close the Control Panel window.

Looking forward to hear from you soon !!!!

Wednesday, September 2

Tutorial :On-line PDF reader

Online viewer for PDF, PostScript and Word

  • The viewer software is open source, licensed under the GNU Public License. 
  • The viewer grew out of frustration over there never being good PDF or PostScript viewers or readers on all different operating systems and computers I use. Initially, the Adobe Acrobat PDF reader wasn't available for Linux.
  • The solution: a web interface! All major operating systems have somewhat functional web browsers available, so now I can view PDF and PostScript files wherever I want, and it can handle compressed files too.
  • Better user interface
  • Convert to different formats
  • Page layout
  • Better error messages
  • Better feedback
  • Increase speed (possibly by only converting pages on demand, instead of converting all like now)
  • View documents in more than 256 colors
  • Page zoom
  • Bookmarklet, Greasemonkey inline link translation
  • Q: How long will my document be available? A: Documents are cleared from the viewer three days after they where last viewed. The cache may be purged more often.
  • Q: Will it install under Windows? A: Beats me! I've heard several people try, but I don't know if they've ever succeeded.
  • Q: What makes these features possible? A: In one word: Open Source (oops! that was two words...). In several words: Ghostscript, php, wvWare, Apache, ImageMagick, gnu wget, gnu zip, Linux and so on. 

  • Will PdfMeNot always be free?
           Yes, PdfMeNot will always be free in its current form..
  • Is PdfMeNot available for license?
         No, at this time PdfMeNot is not available for license.
        You are however free to link to it and use the    tools to embed documents on your site or
        upload them for viewing.
  • Is a version of PdfMeNot available to download so that I can use it locally or on my server?
         No, unfortunately at this time PdfMeNot is not available for local or server use. You are
         however free to link to it and use the tools to embed documents on your site or upload them
         for viewing.
  • How long will uploaded pdfs stay on the server?
        Local pdfs that you upload will be deleted if they've not been viewed for 14 days or more.
        Pdfs on the web will be cached for a maximum of 2 days before we try fetching them again.

  • Is there a way to open the pdfs on a particular page within the document?
        Not at this time.
  • Is it possible to set a zoom value?
         Not at this time. No.


  A free, online PDF reader, editor, form filler, & form designer.

Use PDFescape to easily fill out forms
Use PDFescape to quickly and easily fill out PDF forms.
A new way to open and edit PDF files online, PDFescape frees users from the typical software requirements for using the de facto document file format.
PDFescape is free online PDF editor:
Without required downloads or installations!
Without watermarks!
Without required registration!

With PDFescape, you can fill in PDF forms, add text and graphics, add links, and even add new form fields to a PDF file.

Looking forward your valuable comment on this tutorial !!!!


Tuesday, September 1

Tutorial : FIX the Black screen problem in Windows 7

Blank Screen After Installing Windows 7: Fix

windows-7-logoAfter installing Windows 7, you may experience an issue in which the screen(s) becomes completely blank directly after start up. This problem primarily affects multiple-monitor setups.
Fix In order to fix this issue, you first need to regain access to onscreen display. You can do this by either booting in safe mode (tap the F8 key on your keyboard repeatedly as the computer is starting up) or by temporarily disconnecting all but one of your monitors.
After you have started up and have access to your display, you will need to create a .bat file that kills the dwm process at startup. Follow these steps.
  1. Launch the Notepad application and create a new text document
  2. Type the following text into the document: taskkill /F /IM dwm.exe
  3. Save the file as displayfix.bat
  4. Copy this file to C:/ProgramData/Microsoft/Windows/Start Menu/Programs/Startup
  5. Restart
After you restart, Windows Aero may be disabled. To turn Aero back on, right-click on the desktop and select “Troubleshoot problems with transparency and other Aero effects” then enable Aero.

Looking forward, your comment on this tutorial !!!!!

Tutorial : Vista PE ( Preinstallation Environment ) with download

Download :

Vista PE is a project (set of scripts) for WinBuilder to create a Live CD based on the kernel of Windows Vista.
VistaPE uses technology from and largely resembles Windows Preinstallation Environment 2.0 (from Microsoft), but has a graphical shell, expanded set of supported devices and functions, and can run almost any Windows program.


  • Possibility to either fully or partially load VistaPE at startup into memory (boot.wim)
  • Support for a large number of SATA/RAID/SCSI/NIC drivers (thanks to the DriverPacks project).
  • Able to read and write NTFS/FAT32/FAT/Ext2/Ext3 partitions
  • Full networking support
  • Automatic hardware detection (PnP)
  • Booting from CD/HDD/UFD/Network
  • Compatibility with Microsoft Windows Vista
  • A wide range of programs and shells (Explorer, LiteStep, BS Explorer ...)
  • No limits regarding the maximum number of open processes
  • Automatic creation shortcuts for programs
  • Ability to remove VistaPE boot media while VistaPE is running (using boot.wim)
  • Full multilanguage support

Portable applications

It is complicated to install applications on the RAM of a Live CD, and all the changes made to those programs and the installation itself will be lost once the computer is rebooted, so a good alternative is to use portable applications, that can be run from either the Live CD, or from a USB flash drive connected to the computer; there is even software dedicated to create those portable applications (VMware ThinApp being the easiest one at the moment).


The default Live CD is less than 200MB in size.

Tutorial : How to Get Back Firefox 3.5 Session Restore Page & 3 way to speed up firefox 3.5.2

Firefox 3.5
Firefox 3.5 has got many new features like HTML5 support, location awareness browsing etc. There are several other minor enhancement are present in Firefox 3.5 like enhanced session restore.
In old version of Firefox we have absolutely no control over session restore, Firefox attempt to restore all the webpages which was open before Firefox was crashed however in Firefox 3.5 restore session has been enhancement to let the users to select pages which they wish to restore.

Session Restore in Firefox 3.5

Restore Session in Firefox 3.5
It may happen that after checking and unchecking webpages from session restore list you may accidentally click on “Start New Session” instead “Restore” button and once you click on Start New Session button you will be presented with clean Firefox session and will lose the opportunity to restore your old session since there is no menu option to get back Session Restore page.
Well there is way to get back Session Restore page manually by typing follow special URLs at address bar and press enter.
about Session Restore
So the next time when you accidentally click on wrong button use above special URL to get back session restore page.
Note: It doesn’t start with http://, you can type in existing open Firefox window or start new Firefox instance and type above special URL to access session restore page.

3 Ways to Speed Up Firefox 3.5

firefox_logoFirefox 3.5 release show the new version to be significantly faster than its predecessors, but still slower than Google Chrome.
Here are a few tips that can dramatically increase the speed of a slow Firefox 3.5:
Change maximum number of requests If you’re using a broadband connection, chances are that you can speed up Firefox by allowing it to perform multiple simultaneous requests to Web pages instead of performing one request at a time. To do this, type about:config in the URL bar (where you would normally enter a Web address) then look for the following entries, and make these changes:
  • network.http.pipelining – set this to “true”
  • network.http.proxy.pipelining – set this to “true”
  • network.http.pipelining.maxrequests – set the integer value to 20
  • network.dns.disableIPv6 – set this to “false”
Quit then re-launch Firefox after making these changes.
Reduce history Having tons of items stored in history can slow down Firefox’s launch and operation speed significantly. Navigate to Tools > Options, then click on the “Privacy” tab. The default setting is 90 days. Reducing this number to 5 or 10 days can result in a substantial performance boost.
Remove extensions and themes then re-add them, one by one Some extensions and/or themes may conflict with Firefox 3.5 or cause performance issues. You can isolate the problematic items and eliminate them permanently by uninstalling all of them then adding them back one by one to identify the culprit(s). Follow these steps, as published on MozillaZine.
  1. Click Tools > Add-ons
  2. Click on the Extensions or Themes button on the top
  3. Click on the extension or theme you want to uninstall
  4. Click Uninstall
  5. Restart Firefox
In fact, just reducing the number of extensions or themes installed can have a beneficial effect on speed.
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